As Russia sent troops into two breakaway regions of Ukraine, prices on one product surged as the West announced new santions.
Oil prices surged close to $100 per barrel in a seven-year-high as major crude producer Russia prepared to send troops into two breakaway regions of Ukraine, sparking Western nations to ready economic sanctions against Moscow.
After heavy falls at the open, European stocks edged into positive territory, as the Kremlin said it remained open to all diplomatic contact over Ukraine. Yet fears remain the crisis will disrupt supply chains, with Russia the second largest exporter of crude oil after Saudi Arabia. It is also the world’s leading producer of natural gas.
Asian stock markets had earlier ended their sessions with heavy falls.
Brent North Sea crude oil reached $99.50 per barrel, the highest level in seven years.
It pulled back to just below $98, still a gain of around 2.5 per cent compared with late Monday.
“The intensifying crisis between Russia and Ukraine has raised concerns about the supply disruptions that would ensue as sanctions look set to cripple Russia, the world’s second largest oil exporter and the world’s top natural gas producer,” noted Victoria Scholar, head of investment at Interactive Investor.
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said he was suspending the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project with Russia in response to Moscow’s recognition of breakaway regions Donetsk and Lugansk.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky had demanded an immediate halt to the project, set to pipe Russian natural gas to Germany via the Baltic Sea.
Zelensky said Russia must be punished for its recognition Monday of Ukraine’s two separatist-held regions with “immediate sanctions” that include “the complete stop of Nord Stream 2”.
It comes as Britain announced it will impose sanctions on five Russian banks and three “very high-net worth individuals” following the deployment of troops.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson said overnight: “The UK and our allies will begin to impose the sanctions on Russia that we have already prepared using the new and unprecedented powers granted by this House to sanction Russian individuals and entities of strategic importance to the Kremlin.”
The United States and the European Union also prepared to launch economic sanctions on Russia.
“Our response will be in the form of sanctions, whose extent the ministers will decide,” EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said.
Russia’s recognition of the breakaway regions of Ukraine will meanwhile “strongly increase” economic uncertainty for the EU, the bloc’s economy commissioner Paolo Gentiloni said.
Russian troops were believed to be deploying into Donetsk and Lugansk in eastern Ukraine, after Russian President Vladimir Putin issued decrees ordering his army to assume “peacekeeping” functions in the separatist territories.
The jump in oil prices is compounding worries about inflation around the world, with the US Federal Reserve coming under intense pressure to tighten monetary policy to prevent prices running out of control.
That has in turn battered equity markets in recent months, and the latest developments out of Europe led to another day of hefty selling on Tuesday.
Russia’s MOEX index plunged eight percent at the open, having lost 10 percent Monday.
The ruble though recovered after sharp losses against the dollar.
Haven investment gold climbed past $1,900 an ounce before pulling back.
Away from the Ukraine crisis, German auto giant Volkswagen on Tuesday said it was drawing up plans to list its luxury brand Porsche as it looks to raise the funds for its move to electric vehicles.
In London, HSBC bank announced bumper 2021 profits and plans to repurchase shares worth up to $1 billion as the Asia-focused bank continues its recovery from the coronavirus pandemic and major restructuring.