The dissection and soft-tissue exposure are limited by the MIPO due to its nature. It results in a low risk of wound infection. In the case of Orthopaedic Implants surgery, the administration of prophylactic antibiotics is required.
There are a few points which needs to be undertaken while using prophylactic antibiotics,
- The most common agent which can cause infection in Implants is staphylococcus also associated with a bone infection.
- The sensitivity of the prophylactic antibiotics against the staphylococcus aureus is considered for resisting the organism’s pattern in hospitals.
- The antibiotics are chosen after considering their negative impacts on the patients along with the drug allergy history of the patient.
Within the 1 hour of operation of the heart, the administration of antibiotics is done intravenously concerning the inhibited level of antibiotics in the site of surgery. At the induction time of anesthesia, the administration of antibiotics is done. Between the tourniquet inflation and the administration of antibiotics is allowed at least before 10 minutes if the tourniquet is being used.
- The administration of antibiotics is done over 24 hours or as a single preoperative dose. After 1 day there is no use of prolonged prophylaxis.
- The wound infection currency is not precluded with the use of prophylactic antibiotics. The signs and symptoms should be known by the surgeon along with the wound infection as well as the laboratory markers. After this, the appropriate treatment is provided as early as possible.
- At the time of skin incision, the administration of antibiotics is done as close as possible.
The important postoperative mortality and morbidity cause is the constitutes of venous thromboembolism in an orthopedic Implant surgery. On the surgeon’s part, it is required to be incumbent and the risk factors along with presentable measures should be known. For this fatal complication, diagnostic tests and treatment strategies should be familiar to the surgeon.
There are certain risk factors associated with it like,
- Advanced age of life
- Estrogen use
- History of previous venous thromboembolism
- Multiple trauma
- Delayed mobilization or prolonged bed rest
- Strong family history of thromboembolism
- Fractured of the proximal femur, pelvis, and around the knee
- History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA), congestive heart failure, cancer, paralysis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or myocardial infarction.
The lower risk of fatal pulmonary embolism has been recorded in case of the thromboembolic prophylaxis along with early mobilization and effective trauma Implant surgery.
It is required to begin thromboembolic prophylaxis before or just after the intervention of surgery and is continued for 10 days. In the case of the patients with high risk, it can either be continued for 5 weeks.
There are some common prophylaxis methods which include:
- Pharmacological agents, for example, low dose unfractionated heparin, low-molecular-weight heparin, warfarin, acetylsalicylic acid, and fondaparinux.
- Mechanical devices, for example: graduated compression stocking and external pneumatic compression boots.
- The combined use of Pharmacological anticoagulant agents and mechanical devices.
In patients with post-trauma, it is difficult to perform thromboembolic prophylaxis and a perfect balance is maintained between the benefits and risk of different methods.